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Directory of European and national rules on Web Applications (updated version, 21 May 2008)
edited by the Research Staff of the Italian Senate Library


Federal Laws and Legislative Decrees

Bundesministerium des Innern (Federal Ministry of the Interior)
Verordnung zur Schaffung barrierefreie Informationstechnik nach dem Behindertengleichstellungsgesetz  (Barrierefreie Informationstechnik-Verordnung - BITV)
BGBl. 2002 Teil I Nr. 49 S. 2654-62, ausgegeben zu Bonn am 23.07.2002
[Detailed regulations connected to the German law "Behindertengleichstellungsgesetz" for barrier-free access to IT (including access to the Internet). Recommendations of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) are included in the law text]

Related documents:
[Directory of local regulation approved in consequence of BITV]

Gesetz zur Gleichstellung behinderter Menschen und zur Änderung anderer Gesetze
(Behindertengleichstellungsgesetz - BGG)
Textnachweis ab: 01.05.2002
BGBl. 2002 Teil I Nr. 28 S.1467-1468, ausgegeben zu Bonn am 30.04.2002, zuletzt geändert durch Artikel 12 des Gesetzes vom 19.12.2007 (BGBl. 2007, Teil I S. 3024)
[Regulations on how to make it possible for people with special needs to take part in the regular use of IT, in order to grant equal chances to all users of technology; amendments in 2007]

Verordnung über Sicherheit und Gesundheitsschutz bei der Arbeit an Bildschirmgeräten
(Bildschirmarbeitsverordnung - BildscharbV)
Ausfertigungsdatum: 04.12.1996
BGBl. 1996 Teil I S. 1843, zuletzt geändert durch Artikel 437 der Verordnung vom 31.10.2006 (BGBl. 2006 Teil I S. 2407)
["This regulation transposes the European Council Directive (90/270/EEC) for computerized work places into German law. This Directive addresses the buyers of software products in their role as employers to adhere to certain minimum requirements. The European Council Directive has been transposed into national law in all member countries of the European Union, thereby establishing a harmonized level of quality of work places and equipment.
The German regulations for computerized work places contain the following minimum requirements (see annex of  BildscharbV, 1996). The text below is copied from the European Council Directive, which contains recommendations equivalent to the German regulations.
'In designing, selecting, commissioning and modifying software, and in designing tasks using display screen equipment, the employer shall take into account the following principles:
(a) software must be suitable for the task;
(b)  software must be easy to use and, where appropriate, adaptable to the  operator's level of knowledge or experience; no quantitative or qualitative  checking facility may be used without the knowledge of the workers;
(c) systems must provide feedback to workers on their performance;
(d) systems must display information in a format and at a pace which are adapted to operators;
(e) the principles of software ergonomics must be applied, in particular to human data processing' "
(Source: website of the German private service provider ProContext ] )]

Projects and Strategies

KBSt - Koordinierungs- und Beratungsstelle der Bundesregierung für Informationstechnik in der Bundesverwaltung (Federal Government Co-ordination and Advisory Agency)
E-Government 2.0 - Programm des Bundes
[Government Programme for e-Government] [introduction]

Bundesministerium des Innern (Federal Ministry of the Interior)
Standards und Architekturen für E-Government-Anwendungen (SAGA)
Version 4.0
(Standards and Architectures for e-government applications)
March 2008
[Abschnitt 8.6 is dedicated to accessibility, formats, etc.]

BSI-Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik
(E-Government Manual)
Einleitung und Übersicht
Redaktion: Projektgruppe E-Government im Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik
2002-2003 (work in progress)

Die Bundesregierung (Federal Government)
BundOnline 2005
e-government Initiative
[With its “Modern State – Modern Administration” programme of reforms initiated in 1999, the Federal Government embarked on a comprehensive modernization of the federal administration. The programme brings together the three most im-portant fields of action under one roof: modern administrative management, bu-reaucracy reduction and e-government. Together they constitute a firm founda-tion for reforms and innovation in public administration.
BundOnline 2005, the largest e-government programme in Europe, was launched at the Hanover EXPO in September 2000 with an ambitious goal: to make all Internet-compatible services of the federal administration available online by the end of 2005.
In summer 2001, the Federal Cabinet assigned the Federal Ministry of the Inte-rior (BMI) the responsibility for coordinating this initiative and providing support to the other federal ministries. To do so, on the basis of the Cabinet decision of 14 November 2001 the BundOnline Project Group was set up within the BMI’s Office of the Chief Information Officer.
Overall planning for the BundOnline 2005 initiative was based on a comprehen-sive survey of the status quo. The first plan for implementation, approved by the Federal Cabinet on 14 November 2001, called for 376 online services for indi-viduals, businesses and public administration offered by more than 100 federal agencies. This implementation plan was updated annually and kept the public informed of the initiative’s progress and further plans.
The goal set in the initial implementation plan, 376 e-government services online by the end of 2005, was actually achieved on 29 August 2005: 379 services had been completed by that date. By the time the initiative concluded on 31 Decem-ber 2005, 440 services were available online. Many of these services signifi-cantly reduce bureaucracy and represent a modernization of public administra-tion.
The successful completion of the BundOnline 2005 initiative lays the ground-work for modern, IT-assisted federal administration. E-government has helped provide new channels of access to administrative services, reduce media dis-continuities, speed up processing and increase transparency, allowing the state to offer services for individuals and businesses in a more efficient and client-oriented way"]

Related documents:
Bundesministerium des Innern (Federal Ministry of the Interior)
BundOnline 2005
Abschlussbericht – Status und Ausblick
(Final Report - Current Status and Outlook)
Last updated: 24.02.2006
[English version]

Bundesministerium des Innern (Federal Ministry of the Interior)
Implementation Plan for the “BundOnline 2005" eGovernment initiative
December 2001
["In September 2000, Federal Chancellor Gerhard Schröder launched the BundOnline 2005 eGovernment initiative and obliged the federal administration to provide online its services that can be placed on the Internet, by 2005. The federal authorities have started this implementation process and this initiative's model projects clearly demonstrate that the first attractive services are already provided online"]

[see also: Moderner Staat – Moderne Verwaltung / Modern State - Modern Administration: The programme by the Federal Government, 1999- ]

Internet für alle
(Internet for all Action)
[Government Initiative to expand the use of ICT and Internet, in particular for those who need to be persuaded to use IT in the daily life. A group of measures have been launched, also in partnership with associations and social groups, even giving support to private initiatives]

Die Bundesregierung (Federal Government)
Moderner Staat – Moderne Verwaltung / Modern State - Modern Administration: The programme by the Federal Government
December 1999
["With this brochure, the Federal Government documents the cabinet decision of 01.12.1999 on the start of the 'Modern State - Modern Administration' programme. The brochure provides information on the goals of the programme and the Federal Government's concept of a new, modern state function in line with developments in society and the economy, the state's changed role as derived from this new understanding, also concerning the relationship between citizens and the state and the new requirements imposed on a modern administration"]

Aktionsbündnis für barrierefreie Informationstechnik (AbI-Projekt)

Barrierefrei informieren und kommunizieren (BIK)

Einfach für Alle. Aktion Mensch – Initiative für ein barrierefreies Web

Reports and other publications

Deutscher Bundestag. 15. Wahlperiode.
Bericht des Ausschusses für Bildung, Forschung und Technikfolgenabschätzung
(17. Ausschuss) gemäß § 56a der Geschäftsordnung.
Technikfolgenabschätzung Internet und Demokratie – Abschlussbericht zum TA-Projekt.
Analyse netzbasierter Kommunikation unter kulturellen Aspekten
Drucksache 15/6015.
[Final Report by the 17th Bundestag Commission for Education, Research and Evaluation of Technology, on the Project “Technology Assessment, Internet and democracy – Analysis  of communication networks under cultural aspects”]

Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung
Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte
Beilage zur Wochenzeitung “Das Parlament”
[Annex to the magazine “The Parliament”, about e-government and ethical implications in the use of the  new technologies in politics]


Bundesgesetzblatt, 1949-

Bundesanzeiger Verlag-Das Bundesgesetzblatt online
(online Official Journal)

Web Sources Verwaltung Online (Official Portal of the Federal Government)

Bundestag (National parliament of the Federal Republique of Germany)

Bundesrat (Upper Chamber)

Bundesregierung (Federal Government) [English version]

In particular:

Bundesregierung. Beauftragter für Kultur und Medien

Bundesministerium des Innern. Koordinierungs- und Beratungsstelle der Bundesregierung für Informationstechnik in der Bundesverwaltung - KBSt (Federal Ministry of the Interior. Federal Government Co-ordination and Advisory Agency for IT in the Federal Administration - KBSt)
[The Website includes projects and reports related to e-government]
[English version]

Bundesminissterium der Justiz - Gesetze im Internet (Federal Ministry of Justice - Laws online)

Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik

Forum Informationgesellschaft

Programme Moderner Staat-Moderne Verwaltung [Modern State-Modern Administration]

Medien-und Filmgesellschaft Baden-Württemberg (MFG)

Programme Moderner Staat-Moderne Verwaltung (Program Modern State-Modern Administration)

Web ohne Barrieren nach Paragraph 11 im Bundebehindertengleichstellungsgesetz
[Portal dedicated to § 11 of BITV]

Beauftragte des Bundesregierung fur Kultur und Medien (Government Delegate for Culture and Media)

[Federal Foundation for arts and culture] [English version]

[A section of the website is devoted to highlights on cultural activities] [English version]

Deutsche Kultur International
[Portal dedicated to cultural exchanges] [English version]

Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung
"Aus Politik und Zeitgeschichte" - Beilage zur Wochenzeitung "Das Parlament"

Many thanks to Kolja Bartsch, ECPRD Correspondent - German Bundestag Research Service, who also highlighted the following project:
Koordinierungsstelle für Kulturgutverluste (Central office for the documentation of lost cultural property)
Project “Lost Art Internet Database” [English version].






Quality, accessibility, usability

Best Practices